Generally, groundwater coming from a variety of sources, such as rivers, rivers or lakes, is composed of unhealthy bacteria called pathogens. They can cause water-borne infections that can spread rapidly when infected with these pathogens in human or animal drinking water. Some common types of these pathogens include parasites, viruses, or bacteria. Let’s find out more.
Basically, the methods of water disinfection you drink help kill or eliminate pathogens. Disinfection of drinking water is not difficult. There are several methods of disinfection. For example, you can use UV radiation, heat, filtration, or a combination of these methods.
Generally, water providers ensure the safety of drinking water through various sterilization methods. You can sterilize your drinking water to find another source, such as bottled water.
If you cannot use or get water from a water supply unit in your area or if the water you get is infected with E. coli bacteria then this may be your only choice.
Best way to disinfect water
If you are looking for a highly effective way to clean your drinking water, you may want to try the boiling method, especially if you have a parasite in the water, such as Cryptosporidium or Guardia.
You need to boil it for at least 1 minute. If you’re at a height of 2,000 meters or more, the boiling time is doubled. After boiling, place the water in a food proof container and cover it.
The use of bleach
As a general rule, it is best to use domestic bleach for this purpose, as it helps eliminate most types of pathogens. However, you should stay away from fragrant bleaches.
Generally, bleach works best when mixed with wet water. Only 2 drops of bleach may be sufficient for 4 cups of warm water.
Cover the container and wait half an hour before drinking it. You may notice a slight chlorine odor after 30 minutes, which is normal. Also, if the water looks cloudy, you can add two more drops of bleach.
If you do not like the taste of chlorine, you can cover the water tank for a few hours. This will help eliminate the taste.
Highly polluted or polluted water
If your water is too polluted, do not add bleach or boil. The reason is that these techniques cannot extract chemicals. In this case, you should choose a different resource.
Cloudy or cloudy water
Water is usually cloudy or cloudy when it contains dust or sand. To reduce contamination, you can add water through a filter or piece of clean cloth. Let the pieces sit underneath the container, then pour clean water into another container before cleaning it.